"HOME"           Home                                                                                                                                                                                           Zero Carbon Fuel Cell Backgrounder.... "PDF
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Zero Emissions Fuel Cells

        

                                                                                                                   

                                                Zero Carbon Footprint Road Transportation, Shipping + Zero-Carbon Fuel Cell Power Plants

                                                           According to United States Department of Energy, recently ... 'Fuel Cells have the potential to replace Internal
                                                           Combustion
Engines, in all vehicles, provide power in stationary and portable power applications, because they
                                                           are energy-efficient, clean and fuel-flexible'
.... This is an extremely powerful endorsement from well respected, 
                                                           very conservative, scientific think-tank establishment in the good ol' US of A


                                               Zero Emissions Fuel Cells have become the new 'buzz word' all over the world - they produce clean, zero-carbon
                                                           electrical
power,  emit zero air pollution - the only by-product being clean, pure water - just as an added bonus.

                                                           Fuel Cells are also 3 to 4 times more efficient than solar and wind generation, without killing all the birds, and
                                                           no need to keep those mirrors clean, 24/7. Fuel Cells were first used by NASA to provide power for astronauts,
                                                           over fifty years
ago, and they are still running ........ we sure have come a long way, baby.
 
                                               ICA is not beholden unto any one single discipline or system, but can select the absolute best solution for that
                                                           particular client's application, and is more than capable of designing, building & funding the very best possible

                                                           solution, for any given set of variables, right from the ground up.
                               
                                               Our Zero Emission Power Modules can be used anywhere in the world - for hospital roof-top emergency power
                                                           supplies, to data
centres for police, military, to trucks, buses, cars, shopping centres, business parks, & those
                                                           leafy-green residential
neighborhoods we all love - even supply peak-grid use, where loads are extremely high
                                                           as a Primary Micro Grid Power
Provider without the need to be connected to any dysfunctional, missing and/
                                                           or broken, dysfunctional - California's PG&E firestorm that fried over 100 innocent people in 2018 - due to a
                                                           dilapidated grid infrastructure, moronic CA State tree-hugger laws, and pure criminal intent/stupidity.

 
                                               Time to replace those noisy, smelly, dirty ICE 'power-units' in mass-transit buses, trains, haul trucks, all family
                                                           motor vehicles - the applications
are limited only by ones own imagination .... who says you cant have your cake,
                                                           and eat it - there's money to be made by replacing all those
dirty,  smelly NOX/CO2/CO producing ICE machines
                                                           that have strangled all our cities across America, Asia, Europe and Africa to death
and to the point where these
                                                           ICE machines are destroying sustainable life as we know it -  its high time we all got
to work, gentlemen


               For the latest updates, delivery, availability, price, financing packages - kindly email our CEO directly                                       

                                                                                                        
              
                                                            
                   
                        Kindly indicate the type of fuel cell application or carbon capture process you are you most interested in .....

                                   
Utility scale applications

                                             Utility and independent power producers seeking multi-megawatt solutions for clean easy-to-site power near existing
                                             electrical substations or to supply the electric grid

               
                            On-site combined heat and power

                                            Ideal applications for our megawatt class fuel cell power plants are power users with significant and continuous power
                                            needs and that have a use for high grade heat suitable for making steam. Annual power usage of 11 million kWh or more
                                            supports installation of one of our megawatt-class SureSource solutions.

                                            Carbon capture

                                            Power generators of tens or hundreds of megawatts that are seeking efficient and affordable carbon capture for gas or
                                            coal-fired power generation, including utilities, independent power producers and large industrial operations.

                                            ZEV Mass Transportation

                                            ICA has access to leading-edge Zero Emission Vehicle Systems from all over the world - we are not beholden unto any
                                            single discipline or system, but can select the best solution for the client's application - thus we are capable of designing,
                                            building, funding the best possible solution for any given set of variables ....from the ground up


                                                        

                                          
    It's high time we stopped polluting our population, our cities, our world with deadly NOX/CO/CARBON/SMOG

                                                         

                                                                                  
                                      

                                  
      Portable power for business users, buses & trucks, emergency and disaster relief workers or the military.
                            Stationary power to rural homes, villages, schools, health care centres.
                            Back-up power to Telecom base stations, IT systems, Police & Military, and remote monitoring systems.

                            Modular Product Line

                            As our customer power requirements increase, our modular design allows for additional modules that
                            can be stacked to meet the new requirement without having to replace the existing system - faster ROI


                                           

                               

                                            

                                  
    New Production startup in Europe post Brexit - kindly submit all formal requests to our Group CEO directly                    
           
              
                                                                                            
                                                                                           

                                                         

                                        Significantly outperforms state of the art fuel cell catalysts.

                                        Is highly adaptable and scalable.

                                        Delivers overall efficiency that is 4 times greater than solar power and 3 times greater than wind power.

                                        Uses fewer natural resources in order to meet consumers’ vast energy needs.     

                                        Fuel cells do not pollute, produce pure water as a by-product - place one in a field, watch the birds & butterflies come.

                                        Zero carbon combined with multiple use and high reliability - 12/24 months ROI on average - breathing is easy, finally



                                                                                                                     
      


                                     Hydrogen as Fuel

                     
        Power generators consume massive quantities of oil/gas/coal and produce vast amounts of co/co2/nox etc into our pristine
                                      atmosphere - the smartest, most efficient way of eliminating the above smog problem, is to simply use a 'carbon-free' fuel
                                      source - hydrogen. A hydrogen-fueled Fuel Cell produces highly efficient power and its only by-product is H2O or water
                                      Converting the above oil/gas/coal to hydrogen is the current modus-operandi, but the process is highly inefficient add the
                                      high production costs, plus by-products are simply exacerbating our global pollution-problem, and not reducing/solving it
                   
                             
Electrolysis of Water

                              
Electrolysis consists of using electricity to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. Electrolysis of water is 75-80% efficient
                                      which is a higher efficiency than steam reforming of natural gas which is 60-70% efficient. The (electrical) efficiency of
                                      electrolysis is expected to reach 82-86% before 2030, while also maintaining durability as progress in this area continues

                                      Water electrolysis can operate between 50-80'C, while steam/methane reforming requires much higher temps of  between
                                      700-1100'C. The difference between the two methods is the amount of primary energy used, be it electricity for electrolysis
                                      or natural gas for steam methane reforming - the higher energy use is significant, as are the huge increases in pollutants.

                                     Due to the use of water, as a readily available resource, electrolysis and similar water-splitting methods have attracted the
                                     interest of the scientific community. Sea Water - 75% of the earth's mass, is an obvious clean, abundant carbon-free source
                                     for most countries in the world, with the added bonus of producing potable water as well .. now for some interesting bits.


                                       

                             hydrogen is simply amazing fuel!!

                        


                                                                           

                                    
        Climate Change

                                         The Obama/Gore/Paris Climate Change Scam - instead of whining about millions of drowning polar bears, extolling all
                                          the tree-hugging liberals to steal all our money, ICA has decided to do something about the problem - ask Obama, Kerry,
                                          Gore et al, if they have ever heard of fuel-cells, and you will receive their normal moronic blank stares - not one of these
                                          thieves ever held any kind of real job - ever - they are simply common thieving carpetbaggers - aka dishonest politicians

                           CANCER RAMPANT IN UK

                                

                                              
                              

                        NOX CANCER ...... Fifty percent of all Britons have cancer today, thanks to Big Oil and Corrupt Politicians

               Theoretical maximum efficiency
                                      
                                 The maximum theoretical energy efficiency of a fuel cell is 83%, operating at low power density and using pure
                                 hydrogen, pure oxygen as reactants (assuming no heat recapture) According to the World Energy Council, this
                                 compares with a maximum theoretical efficiency of only 28% for internal combustion engines.

  Power

    Stationary fuel cells are used for commercial, industrial and residential primary and for backup power generation.
Fuel cells are
very useful as power sources in remote locations, such as spacecraft and remote weather stations,
large parks, communications
centers, rural locations including research stations, in certain military applications

These fuel cell system running on hydro
gen can be compact and lightweight, and have zero major moving parts.

                      
                             Because fuel cells have no moving parts, do not involve combustion, they can
achieve up to 99.9999% reliability.
 

This equates to under one minute of downtime over a six year period.

                                 Since fuel cell electrolyzer systems do not store fuel internally, but rather rely on external storage units, they can
                                 be successfully applied in large-scale energy storage, rural areas being one example. There are so many different
                                types of stationary fuel cells so efficiencies vary, but most are between 40% and 60% energy efficient, but however,
                                when the fuel cell's waste heat is used to heat or cool a building .... like when used in a co-generation system this
                                efficiency  will increase to 85% or higher

        Portable power systems

                                Portable fuel cell systems are generally classified as weighing under 10 kg and providing power of less than 5 kW. 
                                Potential market size for smaller fuel cells is quite large with an up to 40% per annum potential growth rate and
                                a market size of about $10 billion, leading a great deal of research to be devoted to the development of portable
                                power cells. Within this market two groups have been identified. The first is the microfuel cell market, in the 1-50
                                watt range for power smaller electronic devices. The second is the 1-5 kilowatt range of generators for larger scale
                                power generation (e.g. military outposts, remote oil fields).
                       
                                Microfuel  Cells are primarily aimed at penetrating the market for phones and laptops - primarily because of the

                                large advantageous of the energy-density provided by the Microfuel Cells can offer versus the lithium-ion battery.
                                This efficient
system includes the MicroFuel Cell, necessary fuel, plus all the other peripheral attachments


                                On a comparison basis - Fuelcells provide 530 Wh/kg compared to 44 Wh/kg for Lithium Ion - a 12:1 advantage

      However, while the weight of fuel cell systems offer a distinct advantage, current costs are not in their favor - do not
       forget
Moore's Law - as Fuelcell costs drop exponentially over the years/months - watch efficiencies ramp up quickly.

                        One of the key advantage of fuel cells in this special market is the huge power-to-weight advantage. While fuel cells
                         might be considered expensive they work well in any remote locations that require lightweight, dependable energy, a
                         very recent US military 72 x hour exercise, the fuelcell pack weighed in at only 15lb/7kg compared to 29lb/14kg, for
                         all battery types, needed to supply the same amount of energy - it is  really a no-brainer.

                                         the future is now ....

                                     zero combustion = zero air pollution
                             zero moving parts = 99.9% reliability  
                             water as fuel = abundant, cheap fuel supply
                             light weight = very high power-density



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