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With all the garbage going into city dumps these days - its small wonder we have anywhere to stand - let alone, a decent place to live - Africa, America & Asia were wonderfully
 pristine & clean - now the same beaches and cities are usually clogged with non-biodgradable junk - mostly toxic - that will wreck our habitat for eons to come - so what is a city
 planner to do - perhaps go with the City Dump Biomass Option - we will never ever run out of garbage - thats for sure - lets utilize waste like mother nature does, the smart way

Our most critical commodity - or lack thereof - Water - H2O - there simply will never be enough - forget Oil - Water is our most precious commodity

Multi-stage Flash Evaporators - new kid on the block

Multi-stage flash distillation (MSF) is a water desalination process that distills saline water by flashing a portion of the water  into steam in multiple stages of what are essentially
 countercurrent heat exchangers. Multi-stage flash distillation plants produce 85% of all desalinated water in the world - more than any other single process


The deep well desalinization supply process provides potable water through desalinization of substrata seawater from saline aquifers - deep wells establish circulation of a saline
solution -  to and from the desalinization facility. A portion of the saline water is flashed and converted to product water in the MSF units - the remaining saline water is recirculated
 back into the substrate saline table 

Saline water is pumped from the upper region of the substrata saline water table through multiple supply wells, taking suction well below the fresh water aquifer and substrata barriers
 to supply the MSF desalinization tranes. Distilled water captured in the MSF desalinization tranes is transferred to Product Water Storage Tanks for processing. Saline water effluent
 from the MSF desalinization tranes is recirculated back into the lower region of the substrata saline aquifer via multiple return wells, thus closing the cycle of saline water flow. The
 concentration factor for the saline water is projected to be less than 20%. This minimal concentration wil  be negated
by continual flow within the saline aquifers.

Product water is pumped from the multiple desalinization tranes to multiple product water storage tanks, which will supply the multiple heat recovery steam generators with make up
 water. Product water is routed from the Product water storage tanks to the remineralization system, which will treat the product water with minerals to meet potable water, AWWA
 standards or to the delivery system for irrigation use. The output from the remineralization system will be routed to multiple potable water storage tanks  Potable water will then be
 chlorinated to meet potable water and AWWA Standards.


Providing customers with a complete range of solutions to tackle all areas of water treatment - we supply a full and comprehensive range of Water Treatment Equipment ranging from
 packaged, containerized, fast track, plus emergency equipment supply solutions through to complete engineered and commissioned turnkey water solutions

        Water Treatment
        Reverse Osmosis
        Turnkey Water Solutions

Our expertise in design, engineering, project, construction management through to ‘on site’ commissioning capabilities fully support all of International Energy Resources water
 technologies and processes - as well as providing desalination process solution equipment supply in all areas of sea water thermal and flash desalination.
Be aware that often a relatively cheap & simple concept can become expensive when energy is limited - ensure your (PPA) Power Provider Agreement does not kill your project
 before you start - let our experts review it up-front before it ruins your projections.



Why Bio-Gas?

We have several low tech, inexpensive Biomass Plants that will fit those small facilities that simply want to rid themselves of the huge trash build up, very well suited to small cities
as well as for larger communities where one has rather restricive dump space or where they simply want to recycle trash and make the plant self sufficient..

Our Biomass plant start at say $6m FOB and move up quite sharply - when considering the huge Methane Gas Capture that each one of these plants can make - it starts to make a lot of
 sense - Methane Gas contributes more to Ozone Depletion than any other gas on our Planet - we have large units of 100MW costing more than $100m

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) 1997 report, Energy After Rio: Prospects and Challenges ... the UN identified community bio-gas plants as one of the most useful
decentralized sources of energy supply ever ... Bio-gas plants have the following advantages:

Often there is money to be made when an almost new facility that cost big-bucks going in can be bought for say 20 or 30% of original capital cost  - which might have been say $35m -
 $45m with say two to three years of construction work and planning - obviously we need to move it all to the new site - but that saves a huge amount of R&D spend many years of
  fabrication - envirnomental work, start up costs, and typically the + 5 years of 'tree hugging' permits -  lose all the engineering expenses  

Steam Turbine Generators (STG)    

Usually where very large horsepower and power outputs are required, and there is an abundant supply of water, a steam (STG) setup fits the bill nicely - these big boys will also
 burn about anything and can move between say a coal burner and a HFO burner quite easily - without breaking the bank - with steam  being the common denominator for  both fuel
 types - we have access to several, good examples of new, never used installations as well as new, never used, & never installed complete units at ex
tremely attractive prices

Often the capital cost might have been say + $350m and 4 years of construction work - we can pick the entire power plant up for say $30-$50m - obviously we need to move it all to
 the new site - there is a massive monetary saving, in addition to many years of steel fabrication that even a very large steam boiler takes to build - might also derail the entire project
 - plus all the envirnomental work that new start ups require - typically 5 years  - we can cut that down to say one year  - which of course means an additional four year net cash inflow
 from a decent PPA - as well as the capital cost savings of those four years of payroll, etc                                          


300MW STG    300 MW & 1,000 MW  STG           2 x 160 MW STG   

Solar & Wind bring a relatively new twist to the Big Three of power generation as we know it. with CAD/CAM, software & hardware  moving very quickly, using Li-On batteries
 instead of clunky wet cells that leak everywhere, plus a little solar here, a bit of breeze there, all add up to a lot of saved watts, trees, polar bears and sky hooks.

A new twist to wind chargers is the so called Vertical Axis Wind Turbine or VAWT, which is both efficient & quiet. The average home needs say 1KVA per day, a typical business
 5KVA per day - a couple of these will take care of most SOHO and other sundry SME.              

World's Largest Solar Energy Project Announced by Stirling Energy Systems, Inc., and Southern California Edison

, Arizona, - Stirling Energy Systems, Inc. ( SES ) today announced an agreement with Edison International (NYSE: EIX ) subsidiary Southern California Edison (SCE), the
 nation's leading purchaser of renewable energy, that will result in construction of a massive, 4,500-acre solar generating station in Southern California. When completed, this power
 station will be the world's largest solar facility, capable of producing more electricity than all other U.S. solar projects combined.


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